Sweden – the land of the rising sun, the mysterious land on the Eastern edge of the world. Its territory – a small group of Islands in the Pacific, but Japan’s influence in the political, economic and cultural terms extends practically to the whole world. Here all is unusual: and climate, hot in the South with palm trees, and very cold in the North, where for four months out of the year there is snow; and the story, more like a mysterious legend than a reality; and the structure of society, which the uninitiated European often resembles an anthill, but it allowed Japan to enter the top ten countries – world leaders. It is ruled by the Emperor. In the country the sacred customs of their ancestors, and yet, Tokyo is one of the most modern and largest cities in the world. Japan is another civilization, is largely incomprehensible to us, yet it is good to come, to see how it blossoms Sakura, or as the fire darkens the sky over the cone of Fuji, and in order to understand the mysterious Japanese soul.
The capital of Japan – Tokyo, is one of the most populous cities in the world. The four main Islands of Japan and numerous small islets stretches for approximately 1,500 miles (2,400 km), from Hokkaido in the northeast to the island of Nansei (South of Kyushu) in the southwest. Japan is separated from China in the southwest East China sea; from South Korea, North Korea, and Russia to the West and Northwest of the Japan sea; and from the Russian Islands of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands – the La Perouse Strait and the Sea of Okhotsk. The Pacific Ocean surrounds Japan from the East.
The Japanese Islands consist of several mountain ranges, which largely are the result of relatively recent geological processes. These mountain ranges cover more than four-fifths of Japan and divide the four main Islands of the country – Hokkaido in the northeast, Honshu in the center (the largest and most populous), Shikoku and Kyushu (both are located southwest of Honshu) is on four main area(region).
The Japanese are an independent ethnic group, a branch of the Asian geographical race. There are three main subgroups: ethnic Japanese so-called burakumin, Koreans (most of them of Japanese origin), and Okinawans. In addition, the indigenous population – the Ainu, still live in the greatest quantities in Hokkaido. A relatively tiny foreign settlement in Japan was established largely by the Chinese. Official language Japanese, is used throughout Japan. Although there are two major dialects and several poddiakov, standard (reference) Japanese based on the Tokyo dialect, is understood throughout the country.
In Japan coexist Shinto (the ancient folk religion), different Buddhist sects and Christianity. There are also a number of “new religions” the most common of which is Soka-Gakkai, a Buddhist-based traditions. Not a single religion is dominant, and not trying to counter the other. Buddhism presents 12 main sects and nearly 60 branches. Key among them – Nichiren, True (True), Pure Land (Pure land), Shingon, Zen, and Tendai sects. A relatively small spread Christianity.
Although the population density in Japan is relatively high, the population growth exceeded economic growth and the standard of living in the moment – one of the highest in the world. The main population is concentrated within the confined spaces of the plains and coastal lowlands, however, almost a quarter of the population lives in rural areas. Constantly the outflow of population from rural areas to cities, mostly on the Pacific coast, they mainly take jobs as temporary labourers.
The culture of Japan is characterized by a mix of Japanese aesthetic traditions with deep-rooted elements of Chinese culture and more recent traditions of Western cultures. Such highly stylized and sophisticated cultural and artistic forms of how the art of making flower bouquets, tea ceremony, national theatre, and the art of garden design does not emphasize the already understated simplicity and elegance, on the contrary, modern Japanese society has completely mastered the Western style that embraced contemporary popular culture. Japanese literature, previously exclusively based on national traditions (Genji monogatari (Tale Genji), written by Murasaki Shikibu, a lady of Kyoto in the Late 10th – early 11th centuries is the greatest work in the world literature) is currently being built on literary forms of the 20th century. The novelist Kawabata Yasunari was awarded the Nobel prize for Literature in 1968. Other world-famous modern Japanese authors such as Soseki Natsume, Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Osamu Dazai, Jun ichiro Tanizaki, and Yukio Mishima. Japanese cinema has an international impact, are of greatest interest in the work of Kurosawa Akira, Ozu Yasujiro, and Mizoguchi Kenji.