Geograficheskoe situation of Japan and the Republic of Korea.

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1)the geographical position of Japan and the Republic of Korea.

2)Relief Japan and the Republic of Korea.

3)the Traditions of Japan and the Republic of Korea.

1) Geographical position:

2) Relief:

b) the Republic of Korea occupies the southern Korean Peninsula, projecting on 1100 kilometers from the Asian mainland. From the West the Peninsula is washed by the Yellow sea, the East Japan sea and to the South the Korea Strait and the East China sea.

a) Japan: stratovolcanoes located on a large archipelago located tihookeanskogo coast. In accordance with the geographic coordinate system, Japan is 36° North of the equator and 138° East of the Greenwich Meridian. The country is situated North-East of China and Taiwan (separated from them, the East China sea) and strictly to the East of Korea (separated by the sea of Japan). North of Japan is the far East, the geographical area of Russia.

b) the Republic of Korea is mainly mountainous country. Flat and rolling plains occupy about. 25% Ter. country. The main mountain ranges Nunn, Bugallon, and Michallon Champion located on the North of the country. The maximum absolute mark ranges: Machelle 2650 m, Champion 2540 m, Pujolle 2309 m, Nanni G. 2260 Northwest spine is Pujolle KEMA highlands with altitudes 700-2600 M. In the submeridional direction, occupying the Central part of the Korean Peninsula, stretches a mountain range, encompassing the ridges Punjaban, Masington, Kwangju, with the Taebaek heights 640-1708 m. In the South of the Peninsula are the mountain ranges of Consan (more than 1240 m) and Sobek (1915 m). Plains occupy mainly the Western and southern coastal parts of the Peninsula.

a) Japan: carefully and lovingly refer to nature. Numerous ceremonies contemplation of flowering trees, the full moon or the autumn colors are integral elements of society. Handshakes are not taken, they are replaced by bows. The Japanese are polite and helpful in communication. The hospitality of the Japanese “in the blood”. Direct refusal is not accepted even if the request is impossible, so you should think about the feasibility of your wishes. Also often misleading smiling traditional Japanese, especially women, under any circumstances – even failure or some embarrassing moment will be accompanied by a smile that confuses many foreigners. At the same time, “zaparivatsya” attitude is completely unacceptable and cause the Japanese have a sharply negative attitude. Also not recommended to watch the man straight in the eye and actively gesticulating. For sticks, there is a separate stand, and serves them in a special colorful paper cover. Although traditionally food from a common dish, it is necessary to take reverse ends of the chopsticks, this custom is now obsolete and is practiced in very formal or Sorority. At the table pours drinks the youngest of those present. Widely known and “passion” of the Japanese to hygiene and cleanliness. Smoking is not accepted in public places, in offices, depots and railway platforms, as well as in homes and cars without the owner’s permission. You can not step booted foot on straw-mats “tatami” is regarded as a sacrilege. This particularly applies to dwellings or to visit temples. You should also change shoes in special Slippers before and after using the toilet.

a) Japan is covered with hills and low and medium-altitude mountains, they account for over 75 % of the country. The lowlands are located in separate areas along the coasts of the country. The largest lowland, the Kanto region, which occupies about 17 000 km2. The major ranges of Hokkaido are an extension of the circuits of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. They stretch from North to South and from northeast to southwest. The highest point of the island — Asahidake mountain (2290 m) is located in the area of their intersection. In the Northern part of Honshu, there are three longitudinal chains of medium-altitude mountains separated by valleys and basins. The axial position is occupied by Oh ridge, to the East are the Kitakami mountain ranges and Abukuma, and to the West — the ridges of dev’s and Echigo; Central and Western chains surmounted by volcanoes. In the middle part of the island is crossed by a fault zone called the fossa Magna (length about 250 km), above which rises a number of volcanoes, including the tallest in Japan — Fuji (3776 m). In the Central part of Honshu, the Japanese Alps are the ranges, the Hida, Kiso and Akaishi, the peaks of which most of the year covered with snow. In the South-West within tectonic depressions is the kinki plain and lake Biwa. Two strips of mountains — the Northern (inner) that extends along the axis of the Western part of Honshu, and the southern (external) — Kii Peninsula, the Islands of Shikoku and Kyushu are separated by these tectonic lowering at the Western continuation of which is the Inland sea of Japan. The highest elevation of the island of Shikoku — Ishizuchi mountain (1981 m), Kyushu — volcano Kuju (1788 m). On the Ryukyu Islands is dominated by plateaus and low mountains.

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