Japan: the sights and monuments of culture
Japan being a small island state, has a great economic potential and rich cultural heritage. It’s amazing how generously nature has endowed this region, while the geographical location allows us to observe the change of all four seasons. Historical monuments and modern techniques coexist in the wonderful country.
Sites of Japan’s diverse and extremely interesting, and every year you can watch the endless stream of tourists and travellers who visit this state.
Historical monuments of Japan
Places of Japan are so varied and numerous that for a visual interpretation of the review would be better to make a conditional division. For lovers of Antiques and exquisite style are advised to visit the Himeji castle, located at the foot of scenic mount Hime in Hyogo Prefecture. This building is an echo of the era of the samurai, which was recorded in the UNESCO list in 1993 as a world heritage site. It was built in the 14th century and for two centuries it withstood many battles.
When the building passed into the hands of the warlord Hideyoshi Toyotomi, except the walls, little remained. During the period, 1601-1609 castle underwent reconstruction, which introduces an elegant tower, comprising of seven tiers, and beyond that, a whole bunch of towers auxiliary values. It can be noted that the building was designed to protect against a possible attack: from tall objects can be monitored, and the adjacent garden is laid to a complex labyrinth with paths with dead ends.
Another similar monument, located in Nagano Prefecture, is called Matsumotoi (Matsumoto castle). The building was erected in the era of Sengoku, it has the main tower in five tiers and spread out, like wings, tall lateral elements. It is noteworthy that the whole building is coloured in black and the shape of the building creates the impression of a soaring bird, making this a rare object even is called “Crow Castle”. In this part of the building has the name “Lunar rooms”, as it was customary to observe the movement of this celestial body.
And, of course, not to mention as a monument of history and culture of Japan at Tokyo Imperial Palace. This structure was created over several centuries, it underwent changes with the change of government and political directions in the country. The Emperor’s residence has an area of about 7 000 m. in this part of the building is made taking into account the traditions of the people, and the other – according to the canons of European architecture. The surrounding area is decorated with beautiful gardens, in addition, there are Museum collections of the Emperor and the Treasury with the attributes of power.
Religious sites of Japan
Among the monuments of religious importance is of special interest situated in Nagasaki is the mausoleum of Confucius . This temple was built by the great architects of the middle Kingdom, and the land on which the building stands, and to this day belongs to this country. The mausoleum was erected for the purpose of training where they were taught the basics of Confucianism.
In the background now houses the Museum of Chinese history, there are exhibits of various models of inventions and of the celestial maps depicting the trajectory of the silk road. Exterior walls decorated with statues symbolizing followers of Confucius.
In Japan exist and operate in our day the churches of various religious directions. For example, the Zenko-JI temple, at the base of which grew the famous Nagano, refers to the Buddhist schools of Tendai and Jadou. Here is worship done sculpture, Great Buddha, the relic show, even by the servants of the monastery once in 7 years. The structure itself consists of several structures located along the guide sides of the world. The front gate and the hall of praying added to the List of national treasures of Japan values.
The Kinkakuji temple – Golden Pavilion – is a building that belonged to the school of Rinzai Zen direction. This building is used as a repository of Holy relics of the Buddha. The temple is beautifully decorated with the “Golden interior” and from the pavilion you can observe the island in the adjacent lake.
Among the monuments of Shinto values can be noted, the Meiji Jingu Shrine. This is the largest building of this area, being the Metropolitan Prefecture. This sanctuary was built in honor of Emperor Meiji and his consort in a unique style of architecture Nagarajuna to use cypress wood. The building is surrounded by a magnificent garden created by the common people of the entire state in memory of the beloved leader. Here were planted more than 100,000 species of plants (shrubs and trees), also on the temple grounds there is a Museum-Treasury, built in the style of Azaconazole.
Natural places of interest
Mount Fuji is popular among the Japanese. Local people have a saying that literally translated reads: “never rise to the top – stupid, and twice to climb – stupid.” This expression can be explained thus: anyone who did not climb mount Fuji, or who are afraid to do, has much to lose. And a person was lucky enough to go on top, constantly drawn back again and again, and this is attributed to stupidity.
The height of this natural masterpiece, created by the eruption of volcanic rocks that is about 4 000 km a Season uplift on the mountain occurs in July-August when there is the least accumulation of fog and weather in General favors the ascent. On the summit the air is thin but clean, and the temperature does not rise over 10°C, so if you picked up on the mountain it is better to have warm clothes.
Japan has many large parks such as Ueno, Koraku-EN, Kenroku-EN and Kairaku-EN, the latter three are considered the most famous gardens that are created by the ideal principles of the natural landscape. The love of local people to such places due to their traditions, based on tribute to the living environment. The Japanese have such beautiful customs surveillance of cherry blossom – Hanami and autumn Momiji festival, when people gather in parks to look at the colorful carpet of leaves.
Also known to Botanical Park in Hiroshima, which presents in natural conditions, numerous exotic plants. The garden and olive trees Ushimado is one of the largest nature reserves, where there are more than 2000 samples.
Sights in Japan are so numerous and interesting, so it is not surprising that the flow tourists and travelers in this direction is not reduced. As shown by statistics, every person who visited at least once in the land of the Rising Sun, come here again at least once in their life.