The research history of Central Asia
Central Asia: the region and its researchers
For the first time Central Asia (hereafter CA) as a separate region was allocated by the German geographer and traveler, founder of General earth Sciences of Alexander von Humboldt (1841). This term he identified all the internal parts of the Asian continent, stretching between the Caspian sea in the West and a rather undefined border in the East. A more precise definition of CA gave another German geographer Ferdinand Richthofen, in fact, divided the region into two parts. Actually CA, Richthofen, covers the area from Tibet in the South to the Altai in the North and from the Pamir in the West to Khingan in the East. The Aral-Caspian lowland the Richthofen took to the transition zone. In the Soviet geographical tradition was carried out the separation of the whole Central Asian region to Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan) and Central Asia (Mongolia and Western China, including Tibet). The same approach has largely been preserved and in the 1990 – 2000‑ies.
CA studied by Russian expeditions in the nineteenth – early twentieth century, it is, strictly Continue reading
Wedding is not only an opportunity to celebrate the beginning of a new phase of life of two people, but also the opportunity to get acquainted with the traditions of a particular ethnic group or nation. In this article we want to introduce you to the most interesting of them.
Ceramic products are a symbol of fertility. Therefore, the Africans use them as necklaces or as decorations for the hair. Also on the Black continent have a very interesting tradition: if the wedding is held outdoors, the earth definitely ukreplyalsya wine as a sacrifice to the gods.
Traditional Chinese wedding dress of the bride is red colour, richly embroidered with flowers (e.g., chrysanthemums or peonies), which are symbols of wealth and happiness. The groom appears wearing a black silk robe which is decorated with various images of dragons. The groom’s family traditionally gave the bride’s family a roasted pig. Also on the Chinese wedding used lots of pyrotechnics, which are believed to ward off evil spirits.
In Indonesia is not unusual. However, the number of guests must be no less than a thousand. And all the guests young should greet personally during the ceremony.
In Korea in the wedding celebrations involved the astrologer, that before the ceremony creates a horoscope Continue reading
In Japan it is not customary to prepare for the new year holidays. Earlier there was a taboo on cooking in the New year, and the shops were closed for the holidays. So there was a special Japanese new year food — Osechi ryori (osechi ryori) .
Osechi is a set of various dishes, which are placed in special lacquered boxes called jubako. Osechi prepared in advance, and to keep food until the New year, it is prepared in a special way, adding a significant amount of sugar or pickling it.
Osechi ryori looks very nice, because the food is festive, besides Osechi decided to give each other on New year. In Japan, food in General — a common type of gift, so if you will give a couple of pounds of fresh tuna, it will be absolutely fine.
There are plenty of special dishes for Osechi, and each of them has its own symbolic meaning and is called differently.
Gobo Kobumaki (昆布巻) . Kabutomaru gobo – burdock root, wrapped in kombu seaweed and knotted kampyo (dried long strips of gourd) and cooked in broth made from dried sardines (niboshi dashi). Burdock root is very long, therefore, symbolizes the Japanese ideal of life is long and stable. Cooking features are a joy because part of the word “Koba” in the word “kabutomushi” is pronounced as part of “yorokobu”, which means joyful.
Renkon Continue reading