The research history of Central Asia
Central Asia: the region and its researchers
For the first time Central Asia (hereafter CA) as a separate region was allocated by the German geographer and traveler, founder of General earth Sciences of Alexander von Humboldt (1841). This term he identified all the internal parts of the Asian continent, stretching between the Caspian sea in the West and a rather undefined border in the East. A more precise definition of CA gave another German geographer Ferdinand Richthofen, in fact, divided the region into two parts. Actually CA, Richthofen, covers the area from Tibet in the South to the Altai in the North and from the Pamir in the West to Khingan in the East. The Aral-Caspian lowland the Richthofen took to the transition zone. In the Soviet geographical tradition was carried out the separation of the whole Central Asian region to Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan) and Central Asia (Mongolia and Western China, including Tibet). The same approach has largely been preserved and in the 1990 – 2000‑ies.
CA studied by Russian expeditions in the nineteenth – early twentieth century, it is, strictly Continue reading