The History of tea
Tea as a beverage has its own history, which differs markedly from the history of his plants. It was called gift of the gods for the harmony of taste, aroma and useful properties. Philosophers, poets, connoisseurs worldwide dedicated to him his treatises — their tea was mesmerized by their perfection. The history of tea, surrounded by myths and legends – when the tea began to be used as a standalone drink, and by what recipe he prepares is unknown.
Tea gatherings in Russia
In Russia tea was first brought as a gift to Tsar Fyodor in 1638 and has long remained an expensive privilege, the privilege of the nobility. The wide spread of tea was only in the late nineteenth century. For tea was heated cabs, large merchants have made millions in the deal, while performers, writers and artists created their immortal works.
In Russia, where tea was brought directly from China tea tradition was enriched by the samovar, lemon, saucers and sugar vprikusku. While drinking tea from the saucer was a direct result of the use of the samovar, in which water long does not cool down. The samovar was the Central character drinking tea, along with fragrant tea, he created a certain atmosphere for peace talks.
The peasant population of Russia up to the revolution very few consumed the tea, considering it inaccessible luxury, a whim of the nobility, requiring time and free time, and considerable costs for the purchase of a samovar, tea, sugar. That’s why most of the peasant population of Russia, especially in the European part, not skillfully nor to cook, nor how to drink it, “dabbling some tea” only on holidays, when visiting cities, in taverns.
It is in rather poor Russian families drank tea together – it was more economical than to put sugar in the Cup. But with the lemon it’s not entirely clear worldwide is tea with lemon called “Russian”. The origins of this tradition may lie here. On numerous postal stations located on the highways, leisure travellers were offered a Cup of tea (they can rarely in the then great coaches shaking) and lemon (for those who are richer). It is possible that these stations tea with lemon and converged once in one Cup.
English tea etiquette
England, we owe the fact that in the traditions of European tea black tea became more popular than the green. The British first began to mix together different varieties of tea, resulting in this famous blends. In addition, the British, to a large extent, shaped the modern tea etiquette and modern tea ware. For an English tea the etiquette is that tea is usually served exquisitely and elegantly. Hence the English tradition of drinking tea with milk. In the XVII century in England fine porcelain Cup in which tea was served to the Royal court, seemed so thin and fragile that they were afraid to damage the hot tea. So first poured a Cup of milk at room temperature, and then hot tea. A significant portion of currently known tea snacks also come from England, as tradition, to drink tea with milk.
Tea in the East
Central Asia, first of all, gave us the tradition of drinking tea as a remedy for the heat. Certainly green and certainly from cups. In Morocco this tradition got a bit — they drink tea from tall glasses, brewing mixed with mint (but still green).
American “Iced Tea”
Tea became the national drink of the USA before the 60-ies of the XIX century, i.e. before the war between the North and South. The tea districts in the U.S. continues to be the “old States” of the East coast, drinking black tea, and California on the Pacific coast, whose population consumes green tea. In the South and the Midwest dominated by coffee.
In the USA began to cool the brewed tea and mix it with additional flavors, ice and sometimes carbonated — so we get the same ice tea. Although this method of tea drinking and there was last, nor will we be considered the top of the tea cultural evolution.
The development of tea Europe
The sympathy of the peoples of Europe coffee and tea is established and subsequently the division of European countries into “coffee” and “tea” were not due to random vagaries of taste, and peculiar trade conditions and political balance of power in Western Europe from the late seventeenth century as a monument of that distant era this division exists in our days, though it had long lost all political meaning.
At the time, one of the reasons for slow adoption of tea drinking in Europe was the inability at first to go with him. This ineptitude reached at times to amusing incidents. No wonder in almost every country there are various anecdotes about cooking tea. Well, for example, the famous anecdote about the English sailor sent his mother a gift of a pound of tea. The mother, wanting to invite the neighbours overseas exquisite dish, cooked in a saucepan whole pound of tea and simultaneously, plums and bitter, in her opinion, useless brown water, spread out by the plates of boiled tea leaves, seasoning them with sour cream.