Trip to Japan
Japan, an island nation in East Asia surrounded by the Pacific ocean and near Korea, Russia and China. The country is located on more than 3 thousands of small and large Islands, most of which is covered by mountains. Hills and mountains cover about 70% of the territory of Japan. The most famous natural sights in Japan – the legendary Fuji volcano with a perfect cone shape, whose slopes are covered with snow most of the year, pine-covered Islands of Matsushima. Snowy mountain peaks, sandy beaches, cherry blossoms and poetic autumn in Japan attract visitors from around the world.
Tourist attractions of Japan
One of the main unofficial symbols of Japan – Sakura . delicate pinkish-white flowers which bloom in the spring only one or two days. The cherry blossom is celebrated in Japan Hanami festival – during the festival, in parks, gardens, alleys, where the Japanese cherry blossoms, thousands of people gather to admire the flowering trees. Hanami literally means “viewing flowers”.
Another, no less poetic Japanese custom – Kojo . observation of the autumn leaf fall. In autumn, when Japan colors the bright colors of maple leaves in the country attracts a lot of tourists at this time of year, like in spring, during the cherry blossom, Japan is especially beautiful.
One of the most spectacular tourist attractions of the country – the White Heron castle of Himeji . one of the oldest castles in Japan, not the victim nor the military era, nor from the numerous earthquakes. Himeji is included in the world heritage List of UNESCO and is considered one of the national treasures of Japan.
Another ancient Japanese castle, also included in the list of national treasures of the country – Kumamoto, or “crow Castle” was built in 1607, by the Kato clan. After half a century owners of the castle were members of the Hosokawa clan, the rulers of the Japanese province Higa is famous. In 1877, during the last civil war in Japan, the castle was badly damaged – most of the buildings burned down.
Mount Fuji in Japan is considered sacred Fuji . reaches a height of 3776 meters, is the highest mountain in Japan.
The island of Yakushima became the first area of Japan, which entered the List of UNESCO world heritage. Three-quarters of the island is covered with forested mountains. The highest mountain peaks covered with snow most of the year, and at the foot of mountains and near the coast the climate is subtropical throughout the year. Of yakushima differs hardly probable not the most humid climates – the sky above the island is almost always close the rain clouds. Of yakushima, in Japan, considered to be a mystical island, attracts tourists from all over the world thanks to its picturesque nature – tropical rainforest, waterfalls and beaches and thermal springs.
In the Japanese city of kamakura on the island of Honshu, you can see the second largest Buddha statue in Japan – the Great Buddha statue is made of bronze and with a height of 11.4 meters and weighs 93 tons.
The kinkakuji, Golden pavilion is the famous temple in Kyoto. In 1397, the temple was built for one of the Japanese rulers as Villa for holidays. The building almost completely, except the lower floor was decorated with gold leaves. The kinkakuji serves as caridina – storage sacred remains of the Buddha. The pavilion was almost completely burned down in 1950 – its crazy monk set fire to.
Kiyomizu-Dera temple . that means “pure water” is one of the most famous Japanese temples built in the distant year 780. The temple is associated with the school of Hossa – one of the oldest schools of Japanese Buddhism. In 1994 Kiyomizu-Dera was included in the world heritage List of UNESCO. From the wooden terrace of the temple offers spectacular views of the city Kyoto, and the water from the waterfall, formed by a source inside the Church has healing properties.
The temple complex of Horyuji in Nara, founded in 607 by Prince Shotoku, which became one of the founders of Buddhism in Japan. The horyuji is one of the oldest temples in Japan, in 1993 inscribed on the world heritage List of UNESCO. On the territory of Horyuji are the world’s oldest wooden buildings, preserved to this day.
In Nikko houses the tomb of shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu . the legendary warlord and founder of the dynasty of the Tokugawa shoguns that ruled Japan more than 250 years until 1868. Largely the efforts of Ieyasu led to the formation in Japan of a unified feudal state. The warlord’s tomb is located in a beautiful forest, next to the temple complex of toshogu Shrine, built in honor of Tokugawa. The temple complex consists of more than a dozen Shinto and Buddhist temples.
In Kanazawa is one of the three largest and most beautiful parks of Japan – Kenroku-EN . the name of which means “Garden of six qualities”. The Park was laid out almost two centuries ago, and for the public was opened in 1871.
Another spectacular Park, was ritsurin . broken in Takamatsu on the island of Shikoku local rulers in the 17th century. The spacious garden has many historic trees, ponds, hills and pavilions.
Very original attraction of Japan memorial Park NagasakiPeace atomic memory of the tragedy in Nagasaki on 9 August 1945. Dropped on Nagasaki atomic bomb destroyed a large part of the city and killed thousands of Japanese. In the center of the Park there is a memorial statue in memory of the victims of Nagasaki. On the numerous monuments inscribed with the names of the victims of the atomic explosion. Near the Park is the Museum of atomic bombs.